- MORE ON VITALITY
"The vitality of Ushojo may be somewhat threatened by the use of Pashto, the dominant lingua franca of the Swat region. [...] An old man from Bishigram reported that the young people there know Ushojo but speak Pashto [...] it appears that attitudes toward Ushojo may be fairly positive. Respondents from both locations felt that Ushojo will not die out. Older men said that people would not stop using Ushojo. Children are reportedly still learning Ushojo in their homes; not mixing their languages, but speaking Ushojo purely. The younger men said they wanted their children to learn Ushojo first (they also want them to learn Pashto and Torwali). [...] It would seem that the future of Ushojo is in the hands of the younger generation. If they see an importance to teaching it to their children, Ushojo may indeed continue to be vital."
- OTHER LANGUAGES USED BY THE COMMUNITY
- LANGUAGE CONTEXT COMMENTS
"Madyan is the nearest town with a bazaar and most of the shopkeepers speak Pashto. The Ushojo people therefore must learn Pashto to do any business in Madyan.... Ushojo speakers’ ability in Pashto was 'very good'."