Information from: “The study of Ainu (艾努語研究)” . Zhao Xiangru (趙相如) and Aximu (阿西木) (2011) Beijing: Minzu Publisher (民族出版社)
60 percent certain, based on the evidence available
classified under the Uyghur nationality in China
DATE OF INFO
DOMAINS OF USE
SPEAKER NUMBER TRENDS
MORE ON VITALITY
The domain of language use is decreasing since everyone is bilingual in Uyghur which has long been the lingua franca of the Xinjiang region. Plus, Mandarin serves as the medium of education and the official language of China.
OTHER LANGUAGES USED BY THE COMMUNITY
LANGUAGE CONTEXT COMMENTS
Ainu speakers are Muslims who only marry within their own group. Though Ainu belongs to the Iranian languages, it has been heavily influenced by Uyghur which is Turkic due to long term contact.
More on Orthography
The speakers of Ainu are Muslims scattering all over the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region of China (Hotan/Hetian (和田), Yutian (于闐), Kargilik/Yecheng (葉城), Yining (伊寧), and Ürümqi (烏魯木齊), among others).
Information from: “The World Atlas of Language Structures” . Bernard Comrie and David Gil and Martin Haspelmath and Matthew S. Dryer · Oxford University Press
Information from: “World Oral Literature Project” .
20 percent certain, based on the evidence available
Information from: “Ethnologue: Languages of the World, 16th Edition (2009)” . M. Paul Lewis · SIL International