Information from: “Language shift from mother tongue towards Fulfulde in Adamawa State, Nigeria: causes and consequences” (296-225) . Fakuade, Gbenga and Gambo, Matudi and Bashir, Abdullahi (2003)
60 percent certain, based on the evidence available
"[This research] give[s] clear indications that there is a shift from the mother tongue towards Fulfulde in the study area... Fulfulde has intruded into more and more domains of life and assumed more and more functions among the different ethnic groups in the study area. Other languages are less and less used and are finally threatened as the languages of the home."
DOMAINS OF USE
MORE ON VITALITY
100% of Bata-speaking respondents reported speaking Bata with their parents, their children, and in their immediate community.
OTHER LANGUAGES USED BY THE COMMUNITY
LANGUAGE CONTEXT COMMENTS
100% of Bata-speaking respondents reported using only Fulfulde and Hausa with friends, "when discussing serious issues," as trade languages, and as the expected languages of wider communication.
Adamawa State, Nigeria
Information from: “Ethnologue: Languages of the World, 16th Edition (2009)” . M. Paul Lewis · SIL International
20 percent certain, based on the evidence available