Information from: “Ethnologue: Languages of the World. Twenty-third edition” . Eberhard, David M., Gary F. Simons, and Charles D. Fennig (2020) SIL International
65,000 according to 2011 census.
Information from: “Endangerment of lesser-known tribal languages: with focus on central and southern India” . Reddy, B. Ramakrishna (2016) SEL
20 percent certain, based on the evidence available
SPEAKER NUMBER TRENDS
MORE ON VITALITY
"The number of speakers of this language is not definitely known, but Burrow and Bhattachary reported that their number is slowly declining. It is a severely endangered language."
"Pengo language is spoken in the eastern portion of the Nowarangpur district and in the Dasamantapur subdivision of Kalahandi district, Odisha. Avut, one of the dialects of Pengo is spoken in the highlands of Thuvamul Rampur of Kalahandi district and Kasipur area of Rayagada district."